the totality of things? 27 Bertrand Russell said "I should say that the universe is just there, and that's all 28 a " brute fact " position also taken by physicist Sean Carroll. Leibniz himself believed that sufficient reason for the existence of the universe cannot be found in the series of contingent things in the world, therefore the ultimate root of the world must be something which exists of metaphysical necessity. But this is only true in a flat universe. A number of physicists and cosmologists have further pointed out that there are constants pertaining to fundamental physical laws whose size permits complex life-forms to evolve. 33 34 (Particles can emerge from underlying quantum fields under the effects of quantum physics and possibly under other physical laws that may have existed at the start of the Big Bang.) See also edit References edit "Poem of Parmenides : on nature".
I vouch for play. 18 19 A related view from Augustine of Hippo is that time is part of God's creation. That does not sit well with myself or my daughter. (1st Free Press hardcover.).
These so-called virtual particles don't last long enough to be observed directly, but we know they exist by their effects. That inflating space can spawn more universes, with yet more inflating space around them. From tiny things like atoms, to really big things like galaxies. Four musings and one solution. First, he challenges the question itself. First, there are ethical implications concerning how we treat other perceiving things, ordering dissertations the imperative to minimize suffering. It turns out that a flat universe is crucial. Of course, if we were to find a proven cause for the foundation of the universe, that cause itself would need a cause we would be back to square one looking for that said new cause.