the National Academy of Sciences (pnas). Sometimes, that determination can be difficult to make, so weve seen many papers that list multiple first authors, noting that each contributed equally to the work. Harrington and Admir Mai, postdocs in the Department of Biomaterials, Max Planck Institute essay on amy tan mother tongue of Colloids and Interfaces, Potsdam. Whether there are 2 authors or 2000 on a scientific paper, if publications are to continue as the currency of science and the measurement of scientific output, then what we need most is a standardized criteria for determining scientific authorship, or a comprehensive metric for. Although the average author list in biology includes only 3 to 4 people, this is by no means the first example of a publication with hundreds of authors. (An exception is high-energy particle physics, where the names of authorsfrequently a cast of hundredsare listed alphabetically.) Authors are free to negotiate their position in the author list with their co-authors, says Sonja Krane, managing editor of the. RSS reader, sign up on our homepage for an email every time theres a new post, or subscribe to our daily digest. Although students have to earn their way onto the lab's papers, Sabeti admits to being instinctively inclusive when it comes to authorship. But Im also sure Im not alone in a feeling of mild exasperation and frustration that by publishing papers with pages of authors, we are creating a gap between the reality of how we assign credit for scientific progress, and how we evaluate the scientists making. Anyone who works with him on a project that results in a paper can earn up to 1000 points, based on the extent of their contribution to six different phases of the project: idea, design, implementation, conducting the experiment, data analysis, and writing. If so, what are the scientifically testable measures and variables that journals can use to authenticate this far-fetched claim?
Determining and negotiating authorship, from the, science, student Council
Creating a clear list of roles (14 in total, ranging from funding acquisition to computation to conception) that can easily be translated into a checklist for each author as a part of the submission process creates all sorts of possibilities for improving the way. "It's very, very rare that there's any sort of issue he says. As Agoramoorthy notes in, multiple First Authors as Equal Contributors: Is It Ethical? What is perhaps more interesting and ultimately useful is a publishing industry-led initiative that has developed a taxonomy of roles to summarize who did what in scientific papers. Science and, science, careersfound that even editors of clinical journals couldn't agree on the meaning of author order. The CRediT taxonomy proposed by Brand. Often, the corresponding author is also the last author, but she or he may be listed first or even in the middle of the author list. Fifteen years ago, a dispute between a postdoc and a graduate student alerted Kosslyn to the contentiousness of some authorship decisions. If this trend continues, its a matter of time before all authors may claim first authorship in all papers.
Typicallybut not alwaysthe author listed last is the head of the lab that hosted most of the research. Publication records weigh heavily in hiring, funding, and promotion decisions, and departments, hiring managers, and personnel committees want to know how, and how much, a candidate contributed to a collaborative project. Scientists and publishers are all aware of the problems with authorship, and some journals already attempt to address this by requiring author contribution sections where each authors role is individually indicated.